The 4 most important advices that every epileptic patient needs to know in order to get seizures under control

The frequency of seizures occurrence differs from one patient to another depending on their health conditions. While some may have seizures several times in a single month, others may only experience it once a year or even less than that.However, every epileptic patient should follow these four rules on a daily basis in order to get seizures under control:

1 – Respect medications intake time

Taking your medications on time greatly contributes to decreasing seizures occurrence as well as reducing medications side effects. In fact, serious consequences can take place if medical transcriptions are not fully respected.

Taking seizure medications regularly also ensures a certain balance in the brain. For example, if the amount of medications you end up taking is more than the subscribed one, several side effects could happen. Likewise, missing a medical dose could greatly enhance the likelihood of having a seizure.

Everyone is quite busy nowadays. So it’s possible that daily preoccupations may sometimes prevent you from taking your medications on time. We are here to give you some tips to help you always be on time. Actually there are many mobile applications that can be useful to better monitor your epilepsy medications intake. EPILERT bracelet and its mobile application are the perfect tools for that!

Also, you can simply set a permanent reminder on your phone. In the end, what’s important is that you always take your medications on time wherever you are, whatever you do.

2 – Control your stress level

Whether we like it or not, stress has become a normal part of our everyday life. However, this does not necessarily mean that we can’t control it. In fact, dealing with epilepsy makes it all the more important to reduce one’s stress level to prevent seizures. In order to do so, try to set your own priorities and define your most important things in life. This would help you get rid of busy and stressful schedules. You can also choose some activities to help you relax, like joining a yoga class, getting a relaxing massage or having a music therapy session. Keeping a diary is also a cathartic way to fight stress, since it greatly helps you navigate through your emotions and organize your thoughts.

3 – Ensure a good sleeping quality:

Having a good sleeping quality is important for our physical and psychological balance. In fact, anyone would have headaches and wouldn’t be able to concentrate after a sleepless night. For epileptic patients, consequences can be even worse as lack of sleep causes hormonal changes in the brain which could trigger seizures. In order to ensure a good night sleep, make sure to respect your bed time on a daily basis. Sticking to your sleeping routine preserves your natural body clock, which would keep you healthy. That is why avoiding late and long naps is important. It has been scientifically proven that short naps are healthier than long ones.

Another major bad habit that almost everyone does just before sleeping is using smartphone. In fact, being exposed to the blue light of the screen can hugely affect one’s sleeping quality and prevent sound sleep.

4 – Adopt a balanced diet:

Having a balanced diet that includes various food items is one of the best ways to stay healthy and prevent seizures. The high-fat diet, the low carbohydrate diet and the ketogenic diet are very famous among epileptic patients and should be followed under doctors’ supervision. These diets are efficient at preventing or at least reducing seizures.

For example, the ketogenic diet works on reducing the carbohydrate intake and replacing it with fat. In other words, whenever the body lacks sugar, it will instead burn fat to produce energy.

A seizure happens due to an abnormal increase or decrease in neurotransmitters secretion. A high secretion of excitatory neurotransmitters (like glutamate) or a lack of inhibitory neurotransmitters (like gamma-aminobutyric acid or GABA) excites the brain neurons, something that is not supposed to happen. The ketogenic diet reduces the amount of glutamate in the brain and enhances the secretion of GABA, making it less likely for seizures to occur.

What to eat on a ketogenic diet?

A diet high in leafy vegetables, fruits, nuts and dairy products is strongly recommended. Below is a list of food items that you can eat on a ketogenic diet:

  • Seafood
  • Cheese
  • Avocados
  • Meat and poultry
  • Eggs, butter and cream
  • Oconut oil, olive oil
  • Plain Greek yogurt and cottage cheese
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Berries

Drinking coffee should be moderate and your coffee should be unsweetened. For chocolate lovers, dark Chocolate and Cocoa powder are considered as good options. Besides, being on a ketogenic diet requires preparing your own meals at home and avoiding canned food as much as possible.

Below is a list of some dietary supplements that help prevent seizures and are considered as a natural treatment for epilepsy:

  • 5 HTP
  • Passion flower
  • GABA and vitamin F
  • Omega 3 fatty acids
  • Magnesium
  • Vitamin B6

Dealing with epilepsy requires being disciplined and developing some new daily habits. This can be difficult at first but it’s totally worth the effort as it will guarantee staying healthy and reducing seizures occurrence.

By Anoir Benameur

Date: 14 August 2020


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